October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 79 days remaining until the end of the year.
54 - Nero ascends to the Roman throne
409 - Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appeared in Hispania.
1213 - Battle at Steppes-Bishop Pierrepont and Louis II beat Henry I of Brabant
1307 - Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are simultaneously arrested by agents of Phillip the Fair, to be later tortured into "admitting" heresy.
Sir Peter O'Toole as Pope Paul III in The Tudors
1870 - Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
1871 - The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
1914 - Pro-German Boers begin opposition of British authority in South Africa
1963 - "Beatlemania" is coined after Beatles appear at Palladium
1971 - World Series: The first night game in World Series history is played at Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium between the Baltimore Orioles and Pittsburgh Pirates.
1981 - Vice President Hosni Mubarak elected president of Egypt
1994 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Kenzaburo Oe
1995 - Joseph Rotblat awarded Nobel Peace Prize
1996 - Annika Sorenstam wins Betsy King LPGA Golf Classic
1997 - Andy Green's Jet-powered car reaches record 749.69 MPH
1162 - Leonora of England, Queen of Castile (d. 1214)
1474 - Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (d. 1515)
1949 - Patrick Nève, Belgian racing driver
1952 - John Lone, Hong Kong actor
1965 - Rob Schneider, Filipino-American actor
1965 - Derek Harper, American basketball player
1969 - Rhonda Mapp, WNBA center and forward, Charlotte Sting
1969 - Tim Crabtree, pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays
1969 - Ares Gutierrez, Filipino journalist
Holidays and observances
Roman festivals - Fontanalia: festival dedicated to Fontus