Monday, 13 October 2008

October 13 in history

(note: this entry is still being updated)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, and Brainy History

October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 79 days remaining until the end of the year.

Events
54 - Nero ascends to the Roman throne

409 - Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appeared in Hispania.

1213 - Battle at Steppes-Bishop Pierrepont and Louis II beat Henry I of Brabant

1282 - Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies. His ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.


1307 - Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are simultaneously arrested by agents of Phillip the Fair, to be later tortured into "admitting" heresy.


1483 - Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible

1492 - Christopher Columbus and his crew land in the Bahamas



1501 - Maximilian of Austria and Louis XII sign Treaty of Trente

1534 - Alessandro Farnese elected as Pope Paul III


Sir Peter O'Toole as Pope Paul III in The Tudors

1582 - Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.

1629 - Dutch West Indies Co grants religious freedom in West Indies

1659 - Gen-major John Lambert drives out rump English government

1660 - Denmark King Frederik III leads coup

1702 - Dutch/English troops occupy Luik

1710 - English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)

1716 - Hungarian Emperor Karel VI's troops occupy Temesvar

1724 - Jonathan Swift publishes last of Drapier's letters


1760 - Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin

1773 - The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier


1775 - The United States Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the United States Navy).



1792 - In Washington, D.C., the cornerstone of the United States Executive Mansion (known as the White House since 1818) is laid.

1792 - 1st Old Farmer's Almanac is published

1812 - War of 1812: Battle of Queenston Heights - As part of the Niagara campaign in Ontario, Canada, United States forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer are repulsed from invading Canada by British and native troops led by Sir Isaac Brock.



1843 - In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B'nai B'rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).

1845 - A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution, that if accepted by the U.S. Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.

1860 - 1st aerial photo taken in U.S. (from a balloon), Boston


1864 - Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery

1870 - Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert

1870 - The Kappa Kappa Gamma fraternity is founded at Monmouth College in Monmouth, Illinois, by six pioneering women.

1871 - The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.

1881 - Revival of the Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations.

1885 - The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.

1884 - Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude.


1890 - The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.

1892 - Edward Emerson Barnard discovers D/1892 T1 (Barnard 3), the first comet discovered by photographic means, on the night of October 13-14.

1903 - Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland," premieres in New York City


1914 - Pro-German Boers begin opposition of British authority in South Africa

1914 - Belgian regime forms at St. Adresse at Le Havre

1914 - Garrett Morgan invents and patents gas mask



1917 - The "Miracle of the Sun" is witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the Cova da Iria in Fátima, Portugal.


1918 - Mehmed Talat Pasha and the Young Turk (C.U.P.) ministry resign and sign an armistice, ending Ottoman participation in World War I.

1923 - Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey.

1924 - Wahhabietes under Ibn Saudi take Mecca


1943 - World War II: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.

1944 - World War II: Riga, the capital of Latvia is seized by the Red Army.

1944 - U.S. 1st Army begins battle of Aachen


1946 - France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.

1953 - Burglar alarm-ultrasonic or radio waves-patented by Samuel Bagno

1957 - German Democratic Republic recalls East Mark and issues new currency

1958 - Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of the "Miracle of the Sun".


1960 - Opponents of Fidel Castro executed in Cuba

1960 - Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on table at UN




1960 - 3rd presidential debate between Richard Nixon in Hollywood and John Kennedy in NY



1960 - World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates second baseman Bill Mazeroski becomes the first person to end a World Series with a home run, as the Pirates beat the New York Yankees, four games to three.



1963 - 9th LPGA Championship won by Mickey Wright

1963 - "Beatlemania" is coined after Beatles appear at Palladium


1966 - 173 U.S. airplanes bomb North Vietnam

1967 - The first game in the history of the American Basketball Association is played as the Anaheim Amigos lose to the Oakland Oaks 134-129 in Oakland, California.

1969 - Soyuz 8 is launched


1970 - Angela Davis arrested in New York City



1971 - World Series: The first night game in World Series history is played at Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium between the Baltimore Orioles and Pittsburgh Pirates.

1972 - An Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-62 crashed outside Moscow killing 176.

1972 - Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes mountains, in between the borders of Argentina and Chile. By December 23, 1972 only 16 out of 45 people lived long enough to be rescued.

1972 - Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn allows Bert Campaneris to play in World Series
1973 - Jordan enters Yom Kippur war


1975 - Rock vocal Neil Young undergoes throat surgery

1975 - 9th Country Music Association Award: John Denver wins

1976 - A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).

1976 - The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C..

1977 - Four Palestinians hijack Lufthansa Flight 181 to Somalia and demand release of 11 members of the Red Army Faction.

1978 - Swaziland's new constitution promulgated bans political parties

1978 - US President Jimmy Carter answers caller questions on National Public Radio

1981 - Vice President Hosni Mubarak elected president of Egypt

1982 - IOC restores 2 gold medals from 1912 Olympics to Jim Thorpe


1983 - Ameritech Mobile Communications (now AT&T) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.

1984 - John Henry becomes 1st thoroughbred to win $6 million
1985 - Belgium premier Martens CVP wins parliamentary election

1986 - IOC announces baseball will become a medal sport in 1992

1987 - Costa Rican President Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize

1987 - 1st military use of trained dolphins by the U.S. Navy

1988 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

1988 - Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ's burial cloth, is shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages


1988 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Naguib Mahfouz

1990 - End of the Lebanese war. Syrian forces launch an attack on the free areas of Lebanon removing General Michel Aoun from the presidential palace.

1990 - 1st Russian Orthodox service in 70 years held in St. Basil's Cathedral
1991 - Blue Jay Cito Gaston is 1st manager ejected in a playoff game

1992 - An Antonov An-124 operated by Antonov Airlines registered CCCP-82002, crashed near Kiev, Ukraine.

1993 - Nobel prize for physics awarded to Russel Hulse and Joseph Taylor ; Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary Mullis and Michael Smith
1993 - Mighty Ducks win their 1st NHL game

1993 - Captured American pilot Mike Durant is filmed in an interview in captivity by a CNN camera crew.


1994 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Kenzaburo Oe

1995 - Joseph Rotblat awarded Nobel Peace Prize

1996 - Annika Sorenstam wins Betsy King LPGA Golf Classic


1997 - Andy Green's Jet-powered car reaches record 749.69 MPH



1999 - The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).

2006 - Ban Ki-moon is elected U.N. Secretary-General


Births
1162 - Leonora of England, Queen of Castile (d. 1214)

1244 - Jaques de Molay, Grand Master of the Knights Templars (d. 1314)


1474 - Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (d. 1515)

1566 - Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, Irish politician (d. 1643)

1613 - Luisa of Medina-Sidonia, queen of Portugal (d. 1666)

1696 - John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (d. 1743)

1713 - Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter (d. 1784)

1714 - Pieter Burmann the Younger, Dutch philologist (d. 1778)

1768 - Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (d. 1839)

1820 - John William Dawson, Canadian geologist (d. 1899)

1821 - Rudolf Virchow, German physician, pathologist, biologist, and politician (d. 1902)

1853 - Lillie Langtry, British actress (d. 1929)

1862 - Mary Kingsley, English writer and explorer (d. 1900)

1876 - Rube Waddell, American baseball player (d. 1914)

1878 - Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (d. 1952)

1880 - Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (d. 1932)

1887 - Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947)

1890 - Conrad Richter, American novelist and short story writer (d. 1968)

1895 - Mike Gazella, American baseball player (d. 1978)

1900 - Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (d. 1997)

1902 - Arna Wendell Bontemps, American writer (d. 1973)

1904 - Wilfred Pickles, English actor and broadcaster (d. 1978)

1907 - Yves Allégret, French film director (d. 1987)

1909 - Art Tatum, American jazz pianist (d. 1956)

1909 - Herbert Block, American cartoonist (d. 2001)

1911 - Ashok Kumar, Indian actor (d. 2001)

1915 - Terry Frost, English artist (d. 2003)

1915 - Cornel Wilde, American actor (d. 1989)

1917 - George Virl Osmond, Osmond family patriarch (d. 2007)

1917 - Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (d. 1985)

1918 - Robert Hudson Walker, American actor (d. 1951)

1920 - Laraine Day, American actress (d. 2007)

1921 - Yves Montand, Italian-born singer and actor (d. 1991)

1923 - Cyril Shaps, English actor (d. 2003)

1923 - Faas Wilkes, Dutch footballer (d. 2006)

1925 - Lenny Bruce, American comedian (d. 1966)

1925 - Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom



1925 - Gustav Winckler, Danish singer (d. 1979)

1926 - Ray Brown, American jazz bassist (d. 2002)

1926 - Walter "Killer" Kowalski, Canadian wrestler (d. 2008)

1927 - Lee Konitz, American jazz saxophonist

1931 - Eddie Mathews, American baseball player (d. 2001)

1931 - Janice Elliott, novelist

1931 - Raymond Kopa, French footballer

1932 - Jack Colvin, American actor (d. 2005)

1933 - Raynald Frechette, Quebec politician and judge (d. 2007)

1933 - Queen Narriman, second and last wife of King Farouk and mother of their only child King Fuad (d. 2005)

1933 - Baron Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales

1934 - Nana Mouskouri, Greek singer and politician

1937 - Sami Frey, French actor

1938 - Hugo Young, English journalist (d. 2003)

1939 - T. J. Cloutier, American poker player

1939 - Melinda Dillon, American actress

1940 - Pharoah Sanders, American saxophonist

1941 - Paul Simon, American singer and musician (Simon and Garfunkel)

1942 - Jerry Jones, American football team owner

1942 - Pamela Tiffin, American film actress

1942 - Bob Bailey, American baseball player

1943 - Mike Barnicle, American newspaper columnist

1944 - Robert Lamm, American musician (Chicago)

1945 - Christophe, French singer

1945 - Dési Bouterse, Surinam politician
1946 - Edwina Currie, British politician
1947 - Sammy Hagar, American singer (a.k.a. Van Halen)


1947 - Jerry Trupiano, American sports broadcaster

1947 - Alan Wakeman, English saxophonist (Soft Machine)

1948 - John Ford Coley, American musician

1948 - Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician and singer (d. 1997)

1948 - Ted Poe, American politician

1949 - Tom Mees, American sports broadcaster (d. 1996)

1949 - Patrick Nève, Belgian racing driver

1949 - Marisol Malaret, Miss Universe 1970



1952 - John Lone, Hong Kong actor

1953 - Pat Day, American jockey

1954 - George Frazier, American baseball player

1954 - Claude Ribbe, French historian

1954 - Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear technician

1956 - Chris Carter, American television producer

1956 - Anura Ranasinghe, cricketer, Sri Lankan batsman in 3 Tests 1982

1957 - Reggie Theus, American basketball player and head coach


1958 - Maria Cantwell, American politician, junior senator from Washington

1958 - Jair-Rohm Parker Wells, American musician and composer

1959 - Marie Osmond, American entertainer



1960 - Joey Belladonna, American musician (Anthrax)

1960 - Tim Brewster, American football coach

1960 - Ari Fleischer, White House press secretary


1960 - Peter Keisler, United States attorney general

1961 - Doc Rivers, basketball player and head coach


1962 - T'Keyah Crystal Keymáh, American actress

1962 - Kelly Preston, American actress


1962 - Jerry Rice, American football star

1963 - Colin Channer, Jamaican writer

1963 - Chip Foose, renowned automotive designer and fabricator

1964 - Niè Hǎishèng, Chinese astronaut

1964 - Christopher Judge, American actor

1964 - Marco Travaglio, Italian journalist

1965 - Johan Museeuw, Belgian cyclist

1965 - Rob Schneider, Filipino-American actor

1965 - Derek Harper, American basketball player

1967 - Scott Cooper, American baseball player

1967 - Trevor Hoffman, American baseball player

1967 - Steve Vickers, English footballer

1967 - Javier Sotomayor, Cuban jumper, world record 1989

1967 - Kate Walsh, American actress


1968 - Tisha Campbell-Martin, American actress and singer

1968 - Carlos Marin, Spanish baritone (Il Divo)

1969 - Rhett Akins, American country singer
1969 - Nancy Kerrigan, American figure skater



1969 - Cady McClain, American actress

1969 - Rhonda Mapp, WNBA center and forward, Charlotte Sting

1969 - Tim Crabtree, pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays

1969 - Ares Gutierrez, Filipino journalist


1970 - Serena Altschul, American reporter

1970 - Mel Jackson, American actor and R&B musician

1970 - Paul Potts, British opera singer and winner of Britain's Got Talent


1971 - Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian



1971 - Billy Bush, American TV host

1971 - Pyrros Dimas, Greek weightlifter

1972 - Summer Sanders, American swimmer


1972 - Jaime Bernardo, prince of Netherlands

1972 - Margarita Maria Beatriz, princess of Netherlands


1973 - Brian Dawkins, American football player

1973 - Peter Dumbreck, Scottish race car driver

1973 - Matt Hughes, American mixed martial artist

1973 - Nanako Matsushima, Japanese actress
1974 - Hawick Lau, Chinese actor and singer

1974 - Joseph Utsler, American rapper (Insane Clown Posse)

1975 - David Kennedy, American musician (Box Car Racer, Angels & Airwaves)

1977 - Gareth Batty, English cricketer

1977 - Paul Pierce, American basketball player


1977 - Kiele Sanchez, American actress

1978 - Jermaine O'Neal, American basketball player

1979 - Wes Brown, English footballer

1980 - Ashanti, American singer


1980 - Magne Hoseth, Norwegian footballer

1981 - Ryan Ashford, English footballer

1981 - Kele Okereke, lead singer of Bloc Party

1982 - Ian Thorpe, Australian swimmer

1984 - Frank Simek, American soccer player

1984 - Misono, Japanese singer



Holidays and observances
Roman festivals
- Fontanalia: festival dedicated to Fontus

Roman Catholic Saints - translation (1163) of Saint Edward the Confessor; memorial of Saint Gerald of Aurillac optional feast of Our Lady of Fatima

French Republican Calendar - Pêche (Peach) Day, twenty-second day in the Month of Vendémiaire

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